TRAIL promotes caspase-dependent pro-inflammatory responses via PKC delta activation by vascular smooth muscle cells

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Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is best known for its selective cytotoxicity against transformed tumor cells. Most non-transformed primary cells and several cancer cell lines are not only resistant to death receptor-induced apoptosis, but also subject to inflammatory responses in a nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B)-dependent manner. Although the involvement of TRAIL in a variety of vascular disorders has been proposed, the exact molecular mechanisms are unclear. Here, we aimed to delineate the role of TRAIL in inflammatory vascular response. We also sought possible molecular mechanisms to identify potential targets for the prevention and treatment of post-angioplastic restenosis and atherosclerosis. Treatment with TRAIL increased the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 by primary human vascular smooth muscle cells via protein kinase C (PKC)delta and NF-kappa B activation. Following detailed analysis using various PKC delta mutants, we determined that PKC delta activation was mediated by caspase-dependent proteolysis. The protective role of PKC delta was further confirmed in post-traumatic vascular remodeling in vivo. We propose that the TRAIL/TRAIL receptor system has a critical role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory vascular disorders by transducing pro-inflammatory signals via caspase-mediated PKCd cleavage and subsequent NF-kappa B activation. Cell Death and Disease (2011) 2, e223; doi:10.1038/cddis.2011.103; published online 3 November 2011
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Issue Date
2011-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

NF-KAPPA-B; PROTEIN-KINASE-C; MEDIATED APOPTOSIS; ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS; ASTROCYTOMA-CELLS; OXIDATIVE STRESS; REDOX REGULATION; PROLIFERATION; EXPRESSION; RECEPTOR

Citation

CELL DEATH DISEASE, v.2

ISSN
2041-4889
DOI
10.1038/cddis.2011.103
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/97148
Appears in Collection
BiS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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