Space policy for late corner countries: A case study of South Korea

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Korea's space development program was created almost 40 years behind those of the advanced countries but it has nevertheless made remarkable progress. Korean space development has been focused on technology catch-up, where commercialization and growth of industrial competitiveness are important rationales. However, the program has several problems, including: lack of a space equipment manufacturing industry, total system companies in the space manufacturing industry and communication between industry and researchers, and much concentration of projects and initiatives in the Korean Aerospace Research Institute (KARI). This study analyzes the problem by comparing space agencies and programs in Korea and other countries, particularly Japan and the USA. It is shown that the role of a national laboratory is critical in space industry development and argued that KARI should make greater efforts to promote the Korean space industry by encouraging technology transfer, sharing equipment and communication between companies. For successful space development, the main organization - usually the national research institute - should change its role from a research-only laboratory to manager and supporter of space development and industry. Such a move would invigorate Korea's space industry and allow it to catch up with countries with a similar environment. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Issue Date
2011-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

SPACE POLICY, v.27, no.4, pp.227 - 233

ISSN
0265-9646
DOI
10.1016/j.spacepol.2011.09.008
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/96214
Appears in Collection
RIMS Journal Papers
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