High throughput screening and measurements of proton conductivity of newly developed PEM materials based on proton transport visualization

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An electrochemical method for proton transport visualization was developed and applied to the investigation of proton-conducting membrane materials. The method employs the change in the visual appearance of chemo-chromic tungsten oxide WO3 in the presence of atomic hydrogen. An all-solid electrochemical cell arranged by substituting a fuel cell cathode with a thin film of WO3-electrode was built and shown to generate both optical and electrical response to hydrogen gas exposure. The design of the cell was extended to a high throughput screening system that was utilized to characterize proton transport properties of samples, including a number of new compounds synthesized in-house by sol-gel wet chemistry. Non-destructive introduction of superacidic groups promoting proton hopping in the membrane materials was achieved by photodecomposition of a photoacid generator just after membrane casting. A model quantitatively describing current-voltage relation in the cell was developed and successfully applied to derive area-specific resistance of proton-conductive membranes from the experimental results. Area-specific resistances of membranes are derived from the slopes of optically reconstructed voltage-current curves. Sensitivity and dynamic range of the screening method are discussed. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Issue Date
2009-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

ELECTROCATALYSTS; MEMBRANES; PARALLEL; METHANOL

Citation

JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE, v.330, no.1-2, pp.326 - 333

ISSN
0376-7388
DOI
10.1016/j.memsci.2009.01.004
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/93922
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