Prefrontal cortex and hippocampus subserve different components of working memory in rats

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Both the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and hippocampus are implicated in working memory tasks in rodents. Specifically, it has been hypothesized that the mPFC is primarily engaged in the temporary storage and processing of information lasting from a subsecond to several seconds, while the hippocampal function becomes more critical as the working memory demand extends into longer temporal scales. Although these structures may be engaged in a temporally separable manner, the extent of their contributions in the "informational content" of working memory remains unclear. To investigate this issue, the mPFC and dorsal hippocampus (dHPC) were temporarily inactivated via targeted infusions of the GABA(A) receptor agonist muscimol in rats prior to their performance on a delayed alternation task (DAT), employing an automated figure-eight maze that required the animals to make alternating arm choice responses after 3-, 30-, and 60- sec delays for water reward. We report that inactivation of either the mPFC or dHPC significantly reduced DAT at all delay intervals tested. However, there were key qualitative differences in the behavioral effects. Specifically, mPFC inactivation selectively impaired working memory (i.e., arm choice accuracy) without altering reference memory (i.e., the maze task rule) and arm choice response latencies. In contrast, dHPC inactivation increased both reference memory errors and arm choice response latencies. Moreover, dHPC, but not mPFC, inactivation increased the incidence of successive working memory errors. These results suggest that while both the mPFC and hippocampus are necessarily involved in DAT, they seem to process different informational components associated with the memory task.
Publisher
COLD SPRING HARBOR LAB PRESS
Issue Date
2008-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

DELAYED ALTERNATION TASK; SPATIAL MEMORY; BEHAVIORAL FLEXIBILITY; DORSAL HIPPOCAMPUS; LOCOMOTOR-ACTIVITY; LESIONS; MAZE; PERFORMANCE; IMPAIRMENTS; MONKEYS

Citation

LEARNING & MEMORY, v.15, pp.97 - 105

ISSN
1072-0502
DOI
10.1101/lm.850808
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/93233
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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