Chitosan microspheres containing Bordetella bronchiseptica antigens as novel vaccine against atrophic rhinitis in pigs

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The immune-stimulating activities of Bordetella bronchiseptica antigens containing dermonecrotoxin (BBD) loaded in chitosan microspheres (CMs) have already been reported in vitro and in vivo with a mouse alveolar macrophage cell line (RAW264.7) and mice. Therefore, this study attempted to demonstrate the successful induction of mucosal immune responses after the intranasal administration of BBD loaded in CMs (BBD-CMs) in colostrum-deprived pigs. The BBD was introduced to the CMs using an ionic gelation process involving tripolyphosphate (TPP). Colostrum-deprived pigs were then directly immunized through intranasal administration of the BBD-CMs. A challenge with a field isolate of B. bronchiseptica was performed ten days following the final immunization. The BBD-specific IgG and IgA titers, evident in the nasal wash and serum from the vaccinated pigs, increased with time (p < 0.05). Following the challenge, the clinical signs of infection were about 6-fold lower in the vaccinated pigs compared with the nonvaccinated pigs. The grades for gross morphological changes in the turbinate bones from the vaccinated pigs were also significantly lower than the grades recorded for the nonvaccinated pigs (p < 0.001). Therefore, the mucosal and systemic immune responses induced in the current study would seem to indicate that the intranasal administration of BBD-CMs may be an effective vaccine against atrophic rhinitis in pigs.
Publisher
KOREAN SOC MICROBIOLOGY &amp; BIOTECHNOLOGY
Issue Date
2008-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

TOXIGENIC PASTEURELLA-MULTOCIDA; MUCOSAL IMMUNE-RESPONSES; NASAL DRUG-DELIVERY; IN-VITRO; SWINE; VIVO; INDUCTION; ADHERENCE; SYSTEMS

Citation

JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, v.18, no.6, pp.1179 - 1185

ISSN
1017-7825
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/92516
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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