Enhanced vertical perception through head-related impulse response customization based on pinna response tuning in the median plane

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Human's ability to perceive elevation of a sound and distinguish whether a sound is coming from the front or rear strongly depends on the monaural spectral features of the pinnae. In order to realize an effective virtual auditory display by HRTF (head-related transfer function) customization, the pinna responses were isolated from the median HRIRs (head-related impulse responses) of 45 individual HRIRs in the CIPIC HRTF database and modeled as linear combinations of 4 or 5 basic temporal shapes (basis functions) per each elevation on the median plane by PCA (principal components analysis) in the time domain. By tuning the weight of each basis function computed for a specific height to replace the pinna response in the KEMAR HRIR at the same height with the resulting customized pinna response and listening to the filtered stimuli over headphones, 4 individuals with normal hearing sensitivity were able to create a set of HRIRs that outperformed the KEMAR HRIRs in producing vertical effects with reduced front/back ambiguity in the median plane. Since the monaural spectral features of the pinnae are almost independent of azimuthal variation of the source direction, similar vertical effects could also be generated at different azimuthal directions simply by varying the ITD (interaural time difference) according to the direction as well as the size of each individual's own head.
Publisher
IEICE-INST ELECTRONICS INFORMATION COMMUNICATIONS ENG
Issue Date
2008
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

SOUND LOCALIZATION; SPECTRAL CUES; HEADPHONE SIMULATION; SENSITIVITY; FREQUENCY; MODEL

Citation

IEICE TRANSACTIONS ON FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTRONICS COMMUNICATIONS AND COMPUTER SCIENCES, v.E91A, no.1, pp.345 - 356

ISSN
0916-8508
DOI
10.1093/ietfec/e91-a.1.345
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/90195
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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