Adhesive joints have been widely used for fastening thin adherends because they can distribute the load over a larger area than the mechanical joint, require no holes, add very little weight to the structure and have superior fatigue resistance. However, the load capabilities of adhesive joints are affected by both applied pressure and temperature during cure, as well as by service environments because the adhesion characteristics of adhesives are very sensitive to manufacturing and environmental conditions. In this study, the tensile load capabilities of tubular single-lap adhesive joints with an epoxy adhesive were experimentally investigated with respect to service temperature and the applied pressure and temperature during curing operation. The effects of the applied pressure on the tensile load capabilities of tubular single-lap adhesive joints were studied by measuring the actual cure finish temperature using thermocouples and dielectrometry. From the experiments, it was found that the actual cure finish temperature of tubular single-lap adhesive joints increased as applied pressure increased, which increased residual thermal stress in the adhesive layer to decrease the load capabilities of adhesive joints. From finite element analysis and experimental results of tubular single-lap adhesive joints, the optimal geometry condition for adhesive joints was also investigated.