We have synthesized a Eu2+-activated Sr2SiO4 yellow phosphor and investigated an attempt to develop white light-emitting diodes (LEDs) by combining it with a GaN blue LED chip. Two distinct emission bands from the GaN-based LED and the Sr2SiO4:Eu phosphor are clearly observed at 400 nm and at around 550 nm, respectively. These two emission bands combine to give a spectrum that appears white to the naked eye. Our results showed that GaN (400-nm chip)-based Sr2SiO4:Eu exhibits a better luminous efficiency than that of the industrially available product InGaN (460-nm chip)-based YAG:Ce. (C) 2003 American Institute of Physics.