Phototoxicity of the fluorescent membrane dyes PKH2 and PKH26 on the human hematopoietic KG1a progenitor cell line

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Background: The phototoxic effects of the well-known fluorescent membrane dyes PKH2 and PKH26 have been unknown, although their use in cell tracking experiments has increased dramatically. To eliminate the phototoxicity-induced alteration in cell function and morphology, it is essential to examine the suspicious phototoxicity of these dyes. Methods: Chemical and phototoxic effects of PKH dyes on the human hematopoietic KG1a cell line were examined. To minimize phototoxicity in long-term cell tracking experiments lasting up to 18 h with a fluorescence microscope system, time- lapse monitoring with different time intervals and exposure times was introduced. Results: There were no significant effects of the two PKH dyes on cell viability and growth when using dye concentrations up to 5 μM. However, when stained cells were exposed to excitation light, cell viability decreased dramatically, showing the phototoxicity of the PKH dyes. More than 60% of cells stained with 5 μM PKH26 died after 5 min of continuous light exposure. The phototoxic effect was more extensive in cells stained with higher concentrations of the dyes. Conclusions: We present guidelines for the optimal use of these dyes by using a defined hardware configuration.
Publisher
John Wiley and Sons Inc.
Issue Date
1999-08
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIC-CELLS; MARROW STROMAL CELLS; HAMSTER-CHEEK POUCH; IN-VITRO; PLATELET-AGGREGATION; GROWTH-PARAMETERS; INVIVO TRACKING; VIVO; SURVIVAL; ADHESION

Citation

CYTOMETRY, v.36, no.4, pp.312 - 318

ISSN
0196-4763
DOI
10.1002/(SICI)1097-0320(19990801)36:4<312::AID-CYTO5>3.0.CO;2-V
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/77581
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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