블리스터시험법을 이용한 열증착 금박막의 기계적 성질 측정Measurement of Mechanical Properties of a Thermally Evaporated Gold Film Using Blister Test

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Mechanical properties, including Youngs modulus, residual stress and rupture strength, of a thermally evaporated gold film have been measured form a blister test. In a theoretical study, the priniple of minimum potential energy and that of virtual work have been applied to the pressurized circular membrane problem, and load-deflection relations have been derived for typical membrane deflection mode of spheroidal shape. In an experimental study, circular gold membranes of 4800 A-thickness and 3.5mm diameter were fabricated by the silicon electropolishing technique. Mecahnical properties of the thin gold films were deduced from the load-deflection curves obtained by the blister test, Youngs moduli, obtianed from blister test, have been in the range of 45-70 GPa, while those of bulk gold have been in the range of 78-80 GPa. Residual stresses in the evaporated gold films have been measured as 28-110MPa in tension, The rupture strength of the gold film has turned out to be almost equal to that of dental gold alloy (310-380MPa). It has been demonstrated that the present specimen fabrication method and blister test apparatus have been effective for simultaneous measurement of Youngs modulus, residual stress and repture strength of thin solid films. Especially, the electropolishing technique employed here has provided a simple and practical way to fabricate thin membranes in a circular or an arbitrary shape, which could not be obtained by the conventional anisotropic silicon mecromachining technique.
Publisher
대한기계학회
Issue Date
1996-03
Language
Korean
Citation

대한기계학회논문집 A, v.20, no.3, pp.882 - 890

ISSN
1226-4873
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/76418
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)BiS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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