Cyclic fatigue crack growth and closure behaviour in alumina ceramics

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Cyclic fatigue crack growth behaviour in alumina ceramics is investigated and the effect of grain size discussed. Special attention is given to crack closure effects. Cyclic fatigue tests were carried out using four-point bend specimens, and the load-strain and load-differential strain curves were monitored. These curves show hysteretic behaviour probably related to frictional sliding of bridging grains, and also include non-linearities due to crack closure. The crack opening load is determined from the load-differential strain curve by using a method introduced in this study. Growth rates can be successfully described by the relationship da/dN = C[Delta K-eff/(1 - K-max/K-1C)](m) which is proposed in this study to account for the effects of crack closure and the maximum stress intensity factor. Irrespective of grain size, growth rates can be well represented by the above relationship, implying that the grain size exerts an influence on growth rates not only because of crack closure behaviour but also the material fracture toughness. The growth rate curve based on the proposed relationship shows a sigmoidal form for ceramic materials, which is similar to metals.
Publisher
BLACKWELL SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
1998
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

SILICON-NITRIDE; PROPAGATION BEHAVIOR; STABILIZED ZIRCONIA; CURVE BEHAVIOR; GRAIN-SIZE; MECHANISMS; CARBIDE; RATIO; LOAD

Citation

FATIGUE & FRACTURE OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS & STRUCTURES, v.21, no.12, pp.1575 - 1587

ISSN
8756-758X
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/74528
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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