Quantum trajectory analysis of a thresholdlike transition in the microlaser

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In a recent microlaser experiment [K. An et nl., Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3375 (1994)], a thresholdlike transition of intracavity mean photon number as a function of intracavity mean atom number has been observed. In this paper the behavior is explored with quantum trajectory simulations. It is shown that the transition is caused by enhanced atom-cavity Rabi interaction due to the increase of the intracavity photon number as the intracavity atom number is increased. The transition is further accentuated by the position-dependent variation of the coupling constant in the Fabry-Perot cavity. In addition, it is demonstrated that multiatom collective effects are negligible in the microlaser under consideration, in which atoms are injected into the cavity at random times and the product of the coupling constant and atom-cavity interaction time is much less than rr. In this case the analytic theory of the one-atom micromaser [P. Filipowicz et al., Phys. Rev. A 34, 3077 (1986)] can be extrapolated into the multiatom region, assuming uniform atom-cavity coupling throughout the cavity and monovelocity atomic injection. Finally, simulations are performed which account for spatial variation of coupling constant, velocity distribution of injected atoms, and spontaneous atomic decay in the actual experiment. The results are in good agreement with experiment.
Publisher
AMERICAN PHYSICAL SOC
Issue Date
1997-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

SCHRODINGER-CAT STATES; ONE-ATOM; SPONTANEOUS EMISSION; MICROMASER SPECTRUM; PHOTON STATISTICS; OPTICAL CAVITY; WAVE-FUNCTION; ELECTRODYNAMICS; LASER; MASER

Citation

PHYSICAL REVIEW A, v.55, no.6, pp.4492 - 4500

ISSN
1050-2947
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevA.55.4492
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/70786
Appears in Collection
PH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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