DEFECT EQUILIBRATION AND INTRINSIC STRESS IN UNDOPED HYDROGENATED AMORPHOUS-SILICON

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Relaxation data for the thermal equilibrium defect densities in undoped a-Si:H are obtained by time-of-flight (TOF) measurement in the temperature range of 160-degrees to 250-degrees-C. The internal stress in the material is also measured. The mobility-lifetime product of electrons (mutau) increases from 0.50 X 10(-7) to its equilibrium value of 2.24 X 10(-7) cm2/V during the 160-degrees-C annealing. The equilibrium value of mutau is equivalent to the spin density (N(s)) of 1.12 x 10(15) cm-3. The N(s) curves have a minimun value just before their equilibrium. The time dependence of the N(s) relaxation follows a two-term stretched exponential form which corresponds to two metastable states, and each relaxation time is activated with activation energies of 1. 10 to 1. 20 eV. The thermal equilibrium N(s) increases with temperature with an activation energy of 0.20 to 0.30 eV. The data for the second annealing at 160-degrees-C after the first long annealings at 200-degrees and 250-degrees-C also follows the two-term stretched exponential form derived from the first annealing data. The result suggests the presence of a multivalley energy configuration diagram at metastable states. The drift mobility of electrons (mu) increases slightly compared with the mutau changes, and no stress change is observed during the various annealing steps. It is concluded that the structural change is much smaller than the change in metastable-state densities during annealing in the temperature range of 160-degrees to 250-degrees-C.
Publisher
JAPAN J APPLIED PHYSICS
Issue Date
1994-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

SI-H; DENSITY; FILMS; CARBON

Citation

JAPANESE JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS PART 1-REGULAR PAPERS SHORT NOTES REVIEW PAPERS, v.33, no.3A, pp.1261 - 1267

ISSN
0021-4922
DOI
10.1143/JJAP.33.1261
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/67161
Appears in Collection
NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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