CWS(coal-water slurry) is used for application in power plants, boilers, industrial furnaces. A single coal-water slurry droplet ignition has been examined to reveal the basic nature of their evaporation, volatilization and heating processes. The interior droplet temperature distribution has been considered. The effect of coal thermal conductivity, droplet size, water fraction in the slurry, gas temperature and velocity and radiation on the ignition phenomena were also studied. Either increasing the velocity and gas temperature or decreasing the droplet size and water fraction in the slurry may reduce the time for evaporation and ignition delay time.