Mechanism of electrical breakdown, and effects of grain size and grain boundary potential barrier layer on electrical breakdown in PTCR $BaTiO_3$ ceramics = PTCR $BaTiO_3$ 세라믹스의 전기적 파괴기구조사 및 입자크기와 입계전위장벽층이 전기적 파괴 거동에 미치는 영향

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The mechanism of electrical breakdown of PTCR barium titanate ceramics is different from that of pure barium titanate ceramics. PTCR barium titanate is semiconductor at room temperature, so it is self heated under certain applied voltage, and then changed into an insulator. As the applied voltage increased, the electrical breakdown was initiated when the specimen interior was heated above the temperature corresponding to the maximum resistance on the resistance -temperature curves by the joule heat. Therefore the electrical breakdown of PTCR $BaTiO_3$ ceramics is not purely electrical but electrically induced thermal breakdown. The Influence of the microstructure and the grain boundary potential barrier layer on the electrical breakdown of barium titanate PTCR ceramics was studied. Various grain sized samples were prepared by adjusting the amount of Sb substitution to Ba site in barium titanate PTC ceramics. The sample which has large PTC effect($R_{max}$/$R_{min}$) and fine grain size was advantageous to withstand high applied voltage. The grain size effect has been understood that it is related to the number of the grain boundaries per unit thickness of the samples because the applied voltage drop is mainly across the potential barriers at grain boundary. But, the voltage dependence of single grain boundary potential barrier was more important. The voltage dependence of the grain boundary potential barrier layer was due to the grain boundary built-in potential not the depletion layer width as is expected by Heywang``s model. The breakdown voltage of PTCR $BaTiO_3$ ceramics is function of resistance-temperature curve, grain size, and grain boundary potential barrier height. Resistance-temperature curve is the factor related to the degree of heat accumulation when the external voltage is applied to the specimen and grain size is the factor related to the number of grain boundary layer per unit thickness of sample and grain boundary potentail barrier heigh...
Advisors
Kim, Ho-Giresearcher김호기researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 재료공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
1995
Identifier
101891/325007 / 000895048
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 재료공학과, 1995.8, [ iv, 108 p. ]

Keywords

Electrical breakdown; BaTiO3; PTC(R); Grain size; 전위장벽; 입자크기; 전압파괴; 정온도계수; Potential barrier

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/50129
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=101891&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
MS-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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