Formation and stability of aluminosilicate colloids by coprecipitation = 공동침전으로 형성된 알루미노실리케이트 콜로이드의 안정성 연구

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Colloids are ubiquitous in natural waters. Colloid-facilitated migration is of importance in safety assessment of a nuclear waste disposal. Aluminosilicate colloids are considered to be the kernel of aquatic colloids. Their stability is affected by a number of geochemical parameters. This work aims to study qualitatively and quantitatively the stability of aluminosilicate colloids formed by coprecipitation under various geochemical conditions, i.e. pH, concentration of Al and Si metal ions, ionic strength, and omnipresent cations ($Na^+$, $Ca^{2+}$, and $Mg^{2+}$). The work is performed by colorimetric method and laser-induced breakdown detection (LIBD). Two consecutive phase separations at 450 nm and 1 kDa are applied to separate the precipitates and colloids from the ionic species. By means of colorimetry, Si and Al can be detected down to $5.8 ×10^{-8}$ M and $7.4×10^{-7}$ M, respectively. On the other hand, LIBD is able to quantify the colloidal size and its number density down to several ppt. Depending on the concentration of Al and Si metal ions, the formation trend of aluminosilicate colloid changes following its solubility curve. The lower the concentration, the higher the pH range in which the colloids start to emerge. Furthermore, the colloids are stable at higher Al and Si concentration and at low ionic strength. In the low pH range, cations provide different effects at low and high ionic strengths. At high ionic strength, the colloids are stable in the presence of a larger cation, while all cations exhibit similar effects at low ionic strength. However, in the high pH range, valence seems to have a stronger effect than ionic radius; colloids are more stable in the presence of monovalent cations than divalent ones. Meanwhile, XRD shows non- and/or poor crystalline structure of the aluminosilicate species. Nevertheless, results from XPS may suggest that the chemical composition (Si/Al $\approx$ 0.6) of the aluminosilicate precipitates is sillimanite o...
Advisors
Yun, Jong-Ilresearcher윤종일researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 원자력및양자공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2011
Identifier
467783/325007  / 020093637
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(석사) - 한국과학기술원 : 원자력및양자공학과, 2011.2, [ vi, 65 p. ]

Keywords

aluminosilicate; colloids; stability; 안정성 연구; 알루미노실리케이트; 콜로이드

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/49586
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=467783&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
NE-Theses_Master(석사논문)
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