TRLFS study on U(VI) chemical species at various temperatures = 시간분해 레이저유도 형광분광법을 이용한 온도에 따른 우라늄(VI) 화학종 분석

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Understanding of the chemical behaviors of radionuclides in a deep geological system is a matter of cardinal importance for the safety assessment of nuclear waste repository since the mobility of radionuclides is closely dependent of various geochemical reactions in aquifer systems [1]. Therefore, knowledge of reliable chemical thermodynamic data is a prerequisite for the prediction of radionuclide and/or pollutant migration. Hydrolysis behaviors of uranium(VI) have been studied in the temperature range from 15℃ to 75℃ by utilizing TRLFS (time-resolved laser fluorescence spectroscopy). Fluorescence properties (fluorescence spectrum shape, position and lifetime) of the uranium(VI) hydroxide species, namely, $UO_2^{2+}$, $(UO_2)_2(OH)_2^{2+}$, $(UO_2)_3(OH)_5^+$, and $(UO_2)_3(OH)_7^-$ were investigated with the time-resolved fluorescence intensity and a numerical fit method. With increasing temperature, the spectrum peak width was broadened, and the fluorescence lifetime was rapidly decreased due to dynamic quenching. Spectroscopic properties resulted from the present work were in good agreement with other literature data. The formation constants for the uranium(VI) hydroxide species were calculated to be log $K’_{2,2}$ = -4.3 ± 0.6 for $(UO_2)_2(OH)_2^{2+}$, $log K’_{3,5}$ = -15.4 ± 0.3 for $(UO_2)_3(OH)_5^+$, and $log K’_{3,7}$ = -28.2 ± 0.7 for $(UO_2)_3(OH)_7^-$ at I = 0.5 M H/ $NaClO_4$ and at 25℃. As expected, strong hydrolysis reactions of uranium(VI) chemical species were observed at elevated temperature, and the temperature-dependent formation constants were compared with some computational methods like the DQAUNT equation and the constant enthalpy equation. Both results are in good agreement with each other. In addition, the activation energies based on the Arrhenius equation were obtained from the temperature-dependent fluorescence lifetimes. Finally, the formation of $Ca-UO_2-CO_3$ complexes as being one of the dominant uranium complexes in natural ...
Advisors
Yun, Jong-Ilresearcher윤종일researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 원자력및양자공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2011
Identifier
467781/325007  / 020093411
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(석사) - 한국과학기술원 : 원자력및양자공학과, 2011.2, [ vii, 77 p. ]

Keywords

Thermodynamic Data; Temperature; TRLFS; Uranium(VI); Hydrolysis; 가수분해 반응; 열역학적 자료; 온도변화; TRLFS; 우라늄(VI)

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/49584
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=467781&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
NE-Theses_Master(석사논문)
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