Development of once-through hybrid sulfur process for nuclear hydrogen production = 원자력수소생산을 위한 Once-through형 하이브리드 황 공정의 개발

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Humanity has been facing major energy challenges such as the severe climate change, threat of energy security and global energy shortage especially for the developing world. Particularly, growing awareness of the global warming has led to efforts to develop the sustainable energy technologies for the harmony of the economy, social welfare and environment. Water-splitting nuclear hydrogen production is expected to help to resolve those challenges, when high energy efficiency and low cost for hydrogen production become possible. Once-through Hybrid Sulfur process (Ot-HyS), proposed in this work, produces hydrogen using the same $SO_2$ Depolarized water Electrolysis (SDE) process found in the original Hybrid Sulfur cycle (HyS) proposed by Westinghouse, which has the sulfuric acid decomposition (SAD) process using high temperature heat source in order to recover sulfur dioxide for the SDE process. But Ot-HyS eliminated this technical hurdle by replacing it with well-established sulfur combustion process to feed sulfur dioxide to the SDE process. Because Ot-HyS has less technical challenges, Ot-HyS is expected to advance the realization of the large-scale nuclear hydrogen production by feeding an initial nuclear hydrogen stock. Most of the elemental sulfur, at present, is supplied by desulfurization process for environmental reasons during the processing of natural gas and petroleum refining and expected to increase significantly. This recovered sulfur will be burned with oxygen in the sulfur combustion process so that produced sulfur dioxide could be supplied to the SDE process to produce hydrogen. Because the sulfur combustion is a highly exothermic reaction releasing 297 kJ/mol of combustion heat resulting in a large temperature rise, efficiency of the Ot-HyS is expected to be high by recovering this great amount of high grade excess heat with nuclear energy. Sulfuric acid, which is a byproduct of the SDE process, could be sent to the neighboring consumers wit...
Advisors
Jeong, Yong-Hoonresearcher정용훈researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 원자력및양자공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2010
Identifier
419210/325007  / 020083483
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(석사) - 한국과학기술원 : 원자력및양자공학과, 2010.2, [ viii, 97 p. ]

Keywords

원자력수소; 수소; 황산; 이산화황; 황; hydrogen; nuclear hydrogen; sulfur; sulfuric acid; hybrid sulfur

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/49569
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=419210&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
NE-Theses_Master(석사논문)
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