Analysis and optimal process development of the iodine-Sulfur cycle for nuclear hydrogen production = 원자력 수소 생산을 위한 요오드-황산 싸이클의 분석과 최적 공정 개발

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Hydrogen is expected to be a main energy vector for the future society. Among many thermo-chemical water splitting technologies for mass production of hydrogen, Iodine-Sulfur (I-S) cycle is considered to be the most promising one. Originated in the 1980s by General Atomics in the United States, the I-S cycle utilizes high temperature heat from energy sources such as nuclear reactors. Despite its high viability relative to many other options, lots of technical challenges need to be resolved until it can practically contribute to the mass production of hydrogen. In the present work, based on the experimental data available from previous works and discussions collected through the literature survey, the optimal operating conditions were proposed for the Bunsen reaction, considering the key concerns of the I-S cycle: i.e., the liquid-liquid (L-L) phase separation performance, the water distributions between the sulfuric acid and poly-hydroiodic acid ($HI_x$) phases, the side reactions, and the operating cost due to the excess iodine and water. All the available experimental data were combined together, and a series of parametric studies were done to find out any trends among parameters. The optimal operating point is determined as 4 mol of excess iodine and 11 mol of excess water in the stoichiometry at temperature of 330K, while the allowable window ranges between 4~6 mol for excess iodine, 11~13 moles for excess water, and 330~350K for temperature. As for the distribution of excess water after the Bunsen reaction and L-L phase separation, 5 mol moves to the sulfuric acid phase and 6~8 mol to the $HI_x$ phase. By controlling the operation within this window, it should be possible to avoid the side reaction and iodine solidification, to increase the HI concentration well above the azeotrope in the $HI_x$ section, and to minimize the operating cost caused by the excess iodine and water. With the optimized Bunsen reaction process to yield an over-azeotropic HI li...
Advisors
No, Hee-Cheonresearcher노희천researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 원자력및양자공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2009
Identifier
309303/325007  / 020035214
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 원자력및양자공학과, 2009.2, [ viii, 133 p. ]

Keywords

nuclear hydrogen; thermo-chemical hydrogen production; iodine-sulfur cycle; optimal process; 원자력 수소; 열화학적 수소 생산; 요오드-황산 싸이클; 최적 공정

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/49013
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=309303&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
NE-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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