Mathematical modeling of radionuclide release through a borehole in a radioactive waste repository = 방사성 폐기물 처분장을 관통한 시추공을 통한 핵종의 누출에 관한 수학적 모델링

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The effects of inadvertent human intrusion as a form of direct drilling into a radioactive waste repository are discussed in this thesis. It has been mentioned that the inadvertent direct drilling into the repository could provide a release pathway for radionuclides even with its low occurrence probability. The following analyses are carried out regarding the problem. The maximum concentration in a water-filled borehole penetrating a repository is computed with a simple geometry. The modeling is based upon the assumption of the diffusive mass transfer in the waste forms and the complete mixing in the borehole. It is shown that the maximum concentrations of six radionuclides in the borehole could exceed the Maximum Permissible Concentration. Also, the diffusive mass transport in a water-filled borehole is investigated with a solubility-limited boundary condition. An analytic solution is derived for this case. Results show that the diffusive mass transport is fast enough to justify the assumption of the complete mixing compared with the considered time span. The axial diffusive mass transport along a water-filled borehole is modeled to compute the release rate taking account of the rock matrix diffusion. The results show that the release of short-lived radionuclides are negligible due to the low concentration gradient in early time and the rock matrix diffusion. The release rates of four long-lived radionuclides are computed. It is also shown that the model developed could be applied to a borehole at a non-cylindrically shaped repository and the off-center drilling of a cylindrical repository. The release rates of long-lived nuclides through a porous material-filled borehole are computed. The results show that the release of all the long-lived nuclides is negligible up to half million years in the case that the borehole is filled with the porous material. The radiological effects of the nuclides released through the borehole penetrating the repository are co...
Advisors
Lee, Kun-Jairesearcher이건재researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 원자력공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
1996
Identifier
105501/325007 / 000835655
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 원자력공학과, 1996.2, [ x, 136 p. ]

Keywords

Repository; Borehole; Human intrusion; 인간침입; 처분장; 시추공

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/48849
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=105501&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
NE-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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