(An) analysis method for the fuel rod gap inventory of unstable fission products under steady-state operating conditions = 정상가동 조건하에서 핵연료봉의 갭에 존재하는 불안정한 핵분열 생성물의 저장량 분석방법

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An analysis method was developed to predict the equilibrium inventory of unstable fission products in the fuel-to-cladding gap of intact fuel rods under steady-state operating conditions. With the shape of grain treated as tetrakaidecahedron (TKD), the fraction of fission gas bubbles interlinked to open surface at grain corners was determined with use of the Monte Carlo technique and the White and Tucker``s model. The release of unstable fission products from the interior region of the fuel pellet to the gap was related to irradiation conditions such as burnup, temperature and external restraint pressure on fuel pellet. In the lower temperature region where temperature is lower than about 1200℃, most of the release of unstable fission products was predicted to occur via burnup-independent paths such as crack and/or open pores. On the other hand, the release of unstable fission products appeared to be closely related to the interlinkage of grain corner bubbles at temperatures higher than 1200℃. In spite of several simplifying assumptions adopted for the prediction of inter-linkage of grain corner bubbles, the present method yields results that shows reasonable agreement between predicted and measured results from the CONTACT experiments and FIO series tests. Furthermore, the agreement indicates that during steady-state operation bubble interlinkage at grain corners is the most important step in determining the release rate of unstable fission products. In the case of defective fuel rods, another analysis method was also developed to predict both the contents of unstable fission products in the gap and the amount released to the coolant of the PWR containing defective fuel rods under steady-state operating conditions. It takes into account relevant physical processes, such as fuel pellet oxidation, and enhancement of fission gas diffusivity. Transport of the fission products from the gap to the coolant is assumed to occur by a first-order rate process. The fract...
Yoon, Young-Ku윤용구
한국과학기술원 : 원자력공학과,
Issue Date
68960/325007 / 000835022

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 원자력공학과, 1994.2, [ xi, 132 p. ]

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