Structures and N®Si Bond Characters of 1-Fluorosilatrane and the Silatranyl Cation

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The structures of 1-fluorosilatrane and the silatranyl cation were calculated by Hartree-Fock (HF), Mfller- Plesset second order (MP2), and various density functional theory (DFT) methods using many different basis sets, demonstrating that the Si-N bonds in two species are quite different. The N®Si bond distance of 1- fluorosilatrane from the hybrid DFT calculations (~2.32 Å) using the Perdew-Wang correlation functional agrees with the gas phase experimental value (2.324 Å), while other functionals yield larger distances. The MP2 bond distance (2.287 Å with 6-311G*) is shorter, and the HF one (2.544 Å with 6-311G*) larger than those of DFT calculations. The MP2 bond distance is in good agreement with experiment indicating that the electron correlations are crucial for the correct description of the N®Si interaction. The silatranyl cation is a stable local minimum on the potential energy surface in all methods employed suggesting that the cation could be a reaction intermediate. The Si-N bond length for the cation is about 1.87 Å for all calculations tested implying that the Si-N bond is mainly conventional. Bonding characteristics of the Si-N bond in two species derived from the natural bond orbital analysis support the above argument based on calculated bond lengths.
Korean Chemical Society
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1-Fluorosilatrane; Transannular bond; Ab initio; Ab initio; Density functional method


Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2002, Vol. 23, No. 2

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CH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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