A new description method for the recognition of Hangeul character patterns is presented and the structures of Hangeul basic letters are analyzed by means of two types of strokes, a horizontal and a vertical, and the relationships between them. A recognition system using syntactic method to recognize the strictly-written composite Hangeul characters is designed with a number of procedures. In this system, the character image of Hangeul is scanned line by line, constructing the basic stroke descriptions, the fundamental elements of basic letters of Hangeul character. The connected figures are found as the combinations of the connected basic strokes. The transition table which was made as the results of structural analysis of Hangeul basic letters is then used to determine the basic letter types of the connected figures, and the basic letter types is synthesized to complete a Hangeul character.