Synthesis of functionalized polyolefin with transition metal catalysts = 전이금속 촉매를 이용한 기능성 폴리올레핀의 합성

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This thesis deals with synthesis of polyolefins having functional groups by early and late transition metal catalysts. Introducing functionalities into polyolefin has been considered as a challenging subject because of high oxophilicity of conventional transition metal catalysts and their polymerization behavior. To make functional polyolefins, the following attempts have been made; Pd-diimine catalyzed copolymerization of acetate monomers with ethylene, synthesis of polyolefin elastomer with supported Ni-diimine catalyst, synthesis of hydroxy-terminated polyethylene and its block copolymer with metallocene catalyst, and synthesis of ultra high molecular weight polyethylene by living polymerization of ethylene. Low oxophilicity of Pd-diimine catalyst enables direct copolymerization of functional monomers with ethylene. ω-Undecylenyl acetate monomer was synthesized and successfully copolymerized with ethylene. ω-Undecylenyl acetate comonomer prevents dimerization of living ethylene chain and polyethylene copolymer with narrow PDI (~1.05) was obtained. Novel polyimine ligand was synthesized by step polymerization of diamine and diketone monomer. Metallation of this polyimine ligand by Ni generates unique polymer-supported heterogeneous catalyst. Elastomeric linear-branch block polyethylene was synthesized by this catalyst. Selective chain transfer reaction was observed during the ethylene polymerization with bis-pentamethylcyclopentadienyl zirconium dichloride/MAO catalyst. β-Hydride elimination or chain transfer to aluminum occurred selectively depending upon the polymerization conditions like TMA content and temperature. Aluminum-terminated polyethylene was prepared by aluminum chain transfer reaction and converted to hydroxy-terminated polyethylene through oxidation of the aluminum-carbon bond. From this hydroxy terminated polyethylene, poly(ethylene-b-caprolactone) block copolymer was synthesized by stannous octoate initiated living polymerization of ε -...
Advisors
Kim, Sang-Youlresearcher김상율researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 화학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2002
Identifier
177228/325007 / 000975420
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 화학과, 2002.8, [ xiv, 164 p. ]

Keywords

transition metal catalysts; polyolefin; polymerization; 중합; 전이금속촉매; 폴리올레핀

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/31589
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=177228&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
CH-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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