Synthesis and characterization of polymer light-emitting diodes(LEDs) = 고분자 발광다이오드의 합성 및 특성에 관한 연구

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Poly(2-fluoro-1,4-phenylenevinylene) (PFPV), and poly(1,4-phenylenevinylene) (PPV), were synthesized through the water-soluble precursor method. The polymers were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, and the light-emitting properties were studied. The absorption maxima of PPVand PFPV are at around 415 nm and 410 nm, respectively. The electroluminescent (EL) devices were fabricated with ITO and aluminum as positive and negative electrodes, respectively. The EL properties of these polymers were studied by EL spectra, current-voltage characteristics, light intensity-current characteristics and Fowler-Nordheim plot. The I-V characteristics of the polymers showed typical diode characteristics and the operating voltages of PPV and PFPV were 6 V and 10 V, respectively. The photoluminescent spectra of these polymers were also obtained, and similar to the EL spectra. The relative EL quantum efficiency of PFPV was 10 times higher than that of PPV. This result may be due to the smaller band offset between the aluminum and the LUMO of the PFPV as compared with that in PPV. Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) made from blend polymers were investigated. The blend polymers composed of two organic soluble and emittable conducting polymers, poly[2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4- phenylenevinylene] (MEH-PPV) and poly [1,3-propanedioxy-1,4- phenylene-1,2-ethenylene-(2,5- bis(trimethylsilyl)-1,4-phenylene)-1,2- ethenylene-1,4-phenylene] (DSiPV) as the emitting layers. The emitting colors of the blend polymers were yellowish- orange, which indicates that the emission is mainly due to MEH-PPV and DSiPV greatly contributes to the enhancement of the luminescence. The efficiencies of the blend polymers increase with decreasing MEH-PPV/DSiPV weight ratio. In blending MEH-PPV with DSiPV, DSiPV is believed to serve as an EL enhancing polymer rather than EL active in our devices. The quantum efficiency is measured as the function of MEH-PPV content in the blend. Especially, the maximum q...
Advisors
Shim, Hong-Kuresearcher심홍구researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 화학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
1997
Identifier
112611/325007 / 000945003
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 화학과, 1997.2, [ iii, 109 p. ]

Keywords

Photoluminescence; Electroluminescence; Light-emitting diode; Polymer blend; 고분자 혼합; 광 발광; 전기발광; 발광다이오드

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/31457
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=112611&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
CH-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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