Highly Efficient and Robust Ternary All-Polymer Solar Cells Achieved by Electro-Active Polymer Compatibilizers

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All-polymer solar cells (all-PSCs), using polymerized non-fullerene acceptors (PNFAs), have shown promise in improving device stabilities compared to small-molecular acceptor-based PSCs. However, low mixing entropy between polymer donors (PDs) and PNFAs hampers the development of optimized blend morphology. Herein, this study develops efficient conjugated polymers that serve as interfacial compatibilizers between host PD and PNFA. Ternary all-polymer blends containing the compatibilizer demonstrate improved blend morphology with strengthened interfaces, resulting in better photovoltaic properties and thermal/mechanical stabilities. In detail, the power conversion efficiency (PCE) increases from 15.4 to 17.1% upon the addition of the compatibilizer. Moreover, the devices based on the ternary blend enable good thermal stability, retaining 90% of the initial PCE after 96 h at 125 & DEG;C. Additionally, the mechanical properties are improved; the cohesive fracture energy (Gc) of 2.6 J m-2 and crack onset strain (COS) of 20.4% of the ternary blend outperform those of the binary blend (Gc = 1.1 J m-2 and COS = 16.5%). Resultingly, the stretchable PSCs based on the ternary blend exhibit an excellent PCE of 13.7% and stretchability with a strain at PCE80% of 35%. Efficient and stable all-polymer solar cells are demonstrated by introducing electro-active polymeric compatibilizers into all-polymer blends. Complementary light absorption and cascade energy level alignment achieved by the compatibilizers improve photovoltaic performance. Moreover, the compatibilizers induce blend morphologies with sufficient intermixed domains and strengthen donor/acceptor interfaces, thereby enhancing thermal, photo, and mechanical stabilities.image
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Issue Date
2023-10
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ADVANCED ENERGY MATERIALS, v.13, no.39

ISSN
1614-6832
DOI
10.1002/aenm.202302125
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/313844
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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