Study of mechanical degradation of freestanding ALD Al2O3 by a hygrothermal environment and a facile protective method for environmentally stable Al2O3: toward highly reliable wearable OLEDs

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Al2O3 deposited via atomic layer deposition (ALD) has been used as an insulating and barrier film for thin-film transistors, organic electronics, and microelectromechanical systems. However, ALD Al2O3 films are easily degraded by hydrolysis under harsh hygrothermal conditions, owing to their poor environmental stability. In this study, the mechanical properties and water-vapor transmission rate (WVTR) of environmentally degraded Al2O3 films were investigated by varying the temperature and relative humidity (RH). The hygrothermal environment led to surface and pinhole-concentrated degradation based on aluminum hydroxide, which caused an increased WVTR and reduced elongation of the films in harsher environments. In particular, the elongation of the degraded Al2O3 films was reduced to 0.3%, which is one-third of that of as-deposited Al2O3, and their WVTR increased on the order of 10(-1) g m(-2) day(-1), which is more than 1000 times that of as-deposited Al2O3. Therefore, we introduced a functional silane-based inorganic-organic hybrid layer (silamer) onto the Al2O3 films to improve their environmental stability. The silamer helped preserve the characteristics of Al2O3 films by forming a strong and continuous aluminate phase of Al-O-Si at their interface in hygrothermal environments. Furthermore, the silamer-capped Al2O3 was shown to be an environmentally stable encapsulation for application in wearable organic devices.
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Issue Date
2023-10
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

MATERIALS HORIZONS, v.10, no.10, pp.4488 - 4500

ISSN
2051-6347
DOI
10.1039/d3mh00669g
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/313433
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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