The International Society for Cell & Gene Therapy Scientific Signature Series event "Therapeutic Advances With Native and Engineered Human EVs" took place as part of the International Society for Cell & Gene Therapy 2022 Annual Meeting, held from May 4 to 7, 2022, in San Francisco, California, USA. This was the first signature series event on extracellular vesicles (EVs) and a timely reflection of the growing interest in EVs, including both native and engineered human EVs, for therapeutic applications. The event successfully gathered academic and industrial key opinion leaders to discuss the current state of the art in developing and understanding native and engineered EVs and applying our knowledge toward advancing EV therapeutics. Latest advancements in understanding the mechanisms by which native and engineered EVs exert their therapeutic effects against different diseases in animal models were presented, with some diseases such as psoriasis and osteoarthritis already reaching clinical testing of EVs. The discussion also covered various aspects relevant to advancing the clinical translation of EV therapies, including EV preparation, manufacturing, consistency, site(s) of action, route(s) of administration, and luminal cargo delivery of RNA and other compounds.& COPY; 2023 International Society for Cell & Gene Therapy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.