Nano-scale characterization of microstructure and deformation behavior for δ-ferrite in thermally aged/irradiated stainless steel weld열취화 및 조사취화된 스테인리스강 용접부 페라이트에 대한 나노스케일 미세조직 특성 및 변형거동에 대한 연구

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Austenitic stainless steel welds (ASSWs) are required to have duplex microstructure composed of austenite matrix and a certain amount of δ-ferrite to avoid hot cracking during welding in light water reactors (LWRs) application. However, due to presence of δ-ferrite, ASSWs are subjected to suffer thermal embrittlement after long term exposure at service temperature in the range of 280 to 320 oC due to phase separation by spinodal decomposition and G-phase precipitate. Since their mechanical performance is likely to be deteriorated with aging time, fundamental understanding for aging induced microstructure evolution and its effect on mechanical property is of great interest for safe operation of LWRs. Furthermore, ASSWs in reactor core internals are subjected to neutron irradiation, which could accelerate the microstructure evolution and hardening by radiation enhanced diffusion. Although a number of studies have been performed to understand the thermal ageing and irradiation embrittlement, degradation mechanisms were not fully understood yet. In this thesis, after accelerated thermal aging to simulate long term exposure at LWRs relevant condition, the deformation stability and its contribution to hardening of δ-ferrite were evaluated by nano-scale characterization of deformation behavior. Then, in order to estimate kinetics of hardening behavior, thermal aging activation energies of δ-ferrite were characterized using multi-scale mechanical property tests and those results were interpreted by effect of alloying elements and microstructural evolution. Finally, after proton irradiation to emulate neutron irradiation, the combined effect of thermal aging and irradiation was investigated and additional hardening mechanism was suggested.
Advisors
Jang, Changheuiresearcher장창희researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 :원자력및양자공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2023
Identifier
325007
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 원자력및양자공학과, 2023.2,[vii, 98 p. :]

Keywords

δ-ferrite▼aThermal embrittlement▼aIrradiation embrittlement▼aSpinodal decompositing▼aG phase precipitate▼aactivation energy; 델타-페라이트▼a열취화▼a조사취화▼a스피노달 분해▼aG상▼a활성화에너지

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/308673
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=1030498&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
NE-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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