Point-of-care real-time reverse-transcription pol-ymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) facilitates the widespread use of rapid, accurate, and cost-effective near-patient testing that is available to the public. Here, we report ultrafast plasmonic nucleic acid amplification and real-time quantification for decentralized molecular diagnostics. The plasmonic real-time RT-PCR system features an ultrafast plasmonic thermocycler (PTC), a disposable plastic-on-metal (PoM) cartridge, and an ultrathin microlens array fluorescence (MAF) microscope. The PTC provides ultrafast photothermal cycling under white-light-emitting diode illumination and precise temperature monitor -ing with an integrated resistance temperature detector. The PoM thin film cartridge allows rapid heat transfer as well as complete light blocking from the photothermal excitation source, resulting in real-time and highly efficient PCR quantification. Besides, the MAF microscope exhibits close-up and high-contrast fluorescence microscopic imaging. All of the systems were fully packaged in a palm size for point-of-care testing. The real-time RT-PCR system demonstrates the rapid diagnosis of coronavirus disease-19 RNA virus within 10 min and yields 95.6% of amplification efficiency, 96.6% of classification accuracy for preoperational test, and 91% of total percent agreement for clinical diagnostic test. The ultrafast and compact PCR system can decentralize point-of-care molecular diagnostic testing in primary care and developing countries.