First successful synthesis of an Al-rich mesoporous aluminosilicate for fast radioactive strontium capture

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Al-rich zeolites such as NaA (Si/Al = 1.00) have been widely applied to remove radioactive 90Sr2+ because of their high surface charge density enabling efficient ion-exchange of multivalent cations. However, due to the small micropore diameters of zeolites and large molecular size of strongly hydrated Sr2+, Sr2+-exchange with zeolites suffers from very slow kinetics. In principle, mesoporous aluminosilicates with low Si/Al ratios close to unity and tetrahedrally coordinated Al sites can exhibit both high capacity and fast kinetics in Sr2+-exchange. Nonetheless, the synthesis of such materials has not been realized yet. In this study, we demonstrate the first successful synthesis of an Al-rich mesoporous silicate (ARMS) using a cationic organosilane surfactant as an efficient mesoporogen. The material exhibited a wormhole-like mesoporous structure with a high surface area (851 m2 g-1) and pore volume (0.77 cm3 g-1), and an Al-rich framework (Si/Al = 1.08) with most Al sites tetrahedrally coordinated. Compared to commercially applied NaA, ARMS exhibited a dramatically improved Sr2+-exchange kinetics (>33-fold larger rate constant) in batch adsorption while showing similarly high Sr2+ capture capacity and selectivity. Due to the fast Sr2+-exchange kinetics, the material also exhibited 3.3-fold larger breakthrough volume than NaA in fixed-bed continuous adsorption.
Publisher
ELSEVIER
Issue Date
2023-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, v.451

ISSN
0304-3894
DOI
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2023.131136
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/306339
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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