Highly active cobalt-free perovskites with Bi doping as bifunctional oxygen electrodes for solid oxide cells

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Cobalt-containing perovskite materials have been intensively investigated as bifunctional oxygen electrodes for solid oxide cells because of their mixed ionic-electronic conducting nature. However, the direct application of these materials to the most widely used zirconia-based electrolytes has been limited because of their thermo-chemical incompatibility. Herein, we introduce a cobalt-free manganite-perovskite with significantly improved electrocatalytic activity by doping with Bi which possesses stereochemically active lone pair electrons. Replacing Bi with Pr in Pr0.8Sr0.2MnO3-delta increases the oxygen vacancy concentration and promotes oxygen ion incorpo-ration and charge transfer processes at the electrode. Consequently, we apply Pr0.5Bi0.3Sr0.2MnO3-delta, to the interlayer-free yttria-stabilized zirconia electrolyte-based cells, which exhibits record high performance in the fuel cell (1.91 W center dot cm(-2)) as well as electrolysis (1.90 A center dot cm(-2)) modes at 700 degrees C along with remarkable long-term stability (450 h). Thus, our findings demonstrate that Pr0.5Bi0.3Sr0.2MnO3-delta is a highly promising bifunctional catalyst for solid-state energy storage and conversion applications.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Issue Date
2023-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, v.461

ISSN
1385-8947
DOI
10.1016/j.cej.2023.142051
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/306065
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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