Semi-Biosynthetic Production of Surface-Binding Adhesive Antimicrobial Peptides Using Intein-Mediated Protein Ligation

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Microbial infections remain a global health concern, calling for the urgent need to implement effective prevention measures. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have been extensively studied as potential antimicrobial coating agents. However, an efficient and economical method for AMP production is lacking. Here, we synthesized the direct coating adhesive AMP, NKC-DOPA5, composed of NKC, a potent AMP, and repeats of the adhesive amino acid 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) via an intein-mediated protein ligation strategy. NKC was expressed as a soluble fusion protein His-NKC-GyrA (HNG) in Escherichia coli, comprising an N-terminal 6× His-tag and a C-terminal Mxe GyrA intein. The HNG protein was efficiently produced in a 500-L fermenter, with a titer of 1.63 g/L. The NKC-thioester was released from the purified HNG fusion protein by thiol attack and subsequently ligated with chemically synthesized Cys-DOPA5. The ligated peptide His-NKC-Cys-DOPA5 was obtained at a yield of 88.7%. The purified His-NKC-Cys-DOPA5 possessed surface-binding and antimicrobial properties identical to those of the peptide obtained via solid-phase peptide synthesis. His-NKC-Cys-DOPA5 can be applied as a practical and functional antimicrobial coating to various materials, such as medical devices and home appliances. © 2022 by the authors.
Publisher
MDPI
Issue Date
2022-12
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, v.23, no.23

ISSN
1661-6596
DOI
10.3390/ijms232315202
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/303438
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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