Microscopic Insight into Tin Nanoparticle Magnesiation

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Here, we demonstrate the magnesiation mechanism of Sn nanoparticles by performing liquid-phase electron microscopy. We discover that the sluggish Mg-ion diffusion into Sn involves the formation of the intermediate metastable phase besides an equilibrium Mg2Sn phase. The large stress likely from the interface between Sn and MgxSn leads to amorphous Mg2+xSn formation with Mg2+ overinsertion. Formation of Mg(OH)(2) on MgxSn impedes Mg2+ insertion into Sn, leading to rapid capacity fading of a Mg-Sn cell. The study provides important insights into the reaction dynamics of a Sn electrode for a rechargeable Mg-ion battery.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2022-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ACS APPLIED ENERGY MATERIALS, v.5, no.7, pp.7944 - 7949

ISSN
2574-0962
DOI
10.1021/acsaem.2c01025
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/303152
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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