Mo and Ta addition in NbTiZr medium entropy alloy to overcome tensile yield strength-ductility trade-off

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In this study, single-phase NbTiZr and NbTiZr(MoTa)(0.1) medium-entropy alloys (MEAs) were investigated for their use in biomedical implants. The alloys were prepared by arc melting, and were then cold-rolled, annealed, and characterized in terms of phase analysis, mechanical properties, fractography, and wear resistance. Both alloys showed a single body-centered cubic phase with superior mechanical, and tribological properties compared to commercially available biomedical alloys. Mo and Ta-containing MEAs showed higher tensile yield strength (1060 +/- 18 MPa)) and higher tensile ductility (similar to 20%), thus overcoming the strength-ductility trade-off with no signs of transformation-induced plasticity, twinning, or precipitation. The generalized stacking fault energy (GSFE) calculations on the {112}<111> slip system by the first-principles calculations based on density functional theory showed that the addition of less than 0.2 molar fraction of Mo and Ta lowers the GSFE curves. This behavior posits the increase in ductility of the alloy by facilitating slips although strength is also increased by solid solution strengthening. The wear resistance of both alloys against hardened steel surfaces was superior to that of commercial biomedical alloys. Thus, we concluded that NbTiZr(MoTa)(0.1) MEA with good tensile ductility is a potential candidate for biomedical implants. (C) 2021 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Chinese Society for Metals.
Publisher
JOURNAL MATER SCI TECHNOL
Issue Date
2022-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE &amp; TECHNOLOGY, v.109, pp.1 - 10

ISSN
1005-0302
DOI
10.1016/j.jmst.2021.08.073
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/296524
Appears in Collection
NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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