Semiconductor metal oxide (SMO) gas sensors are attracting great attention as the next-generation environmental monitoring sensors. However, there are limitations in the actual applications of SMO gas sensors due to their low selectivity. Although the electronic nose (E-nose) systems based on a sensor array are regarded as a solution for the selectivity issue, poor accuracy caused by the non-uniformity of the fabricated gas sensors and difficulty of real-time gas detection have yet to be resolved. In this study, these problems have been solved by fabricating uniform gas sensor arrays and applying the deep learning algorithm to the data from the sensor arrays. Nanocolumnar films of metal oxides (SnO2, In2O3,WO3, and CuO) with a high batch uniformity deposited through glancing angle deposition (GLAD) were used as the sensing materials. The convolutional neural network (CNN) using the input data as a matrix form was adopted as a learning algorithm, which could conduct pattern recognition of the sensor responses. Finally, a real-time selective gas detection for CO, NH3, NO2, CH4, and Acetone (C3H6O) gas was achieved (minimum response time of 1, 8, 5, 19, and 2 sec, respectively) with an accuracy of 98% by applying preprocessed response data to the CNN.