An Agent-Based Model of Deliberative Democracy and Polarization

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In this paper, we examined the effect of deliberative democracy on the polarization of opinion. Through three case analyses, we find that deliberative democracy has two major components - provision of information and group discussion. Polarization of opinion can be explained by several theories: social identity theory, social comparison, and confirmation bias. We constructed a deliberative democracy model that reflected these mechanisms of polarization. We found that deliberative democracy actually decreased polarization of opinion when group discussion was a strong factor. Our study provides guidelines for an institutional design incorporating deliberative democracy, with emphasis on the composition of unbiased group discussions.
Publisher
TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
Issue Date
2022-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICAL SOCIOLOGY, v.46, no.2, pp.173 - 194

ISSN
0022-250X
DOI
10.1080/0022250X.2020.1836625
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/292585
Appears in Collection
RIMS Journal Papers
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