Mesoporous zeolite-supported Pt3Y catalyst deactivates slowly in propane dehydrogenation, maintaining high propane conversion and propylene selectivity, but the formation of the intermetallic compound requires atomistic migration of yttrium through silanol nests on the zeolite. Compared to the cumbersome generation of silanols via framework demetallation, we report a direct synthesis of mesoporous MFI zeolite possessing silanol nests. The synthesis procedure employed a diammonium-type bromide surfactant [C18H37-N(CH3)(2)-C6H12-N(CH3)(2)-C4H9Br2] and a sodium-free silica source. The basicity of the synthesis mixture was adjusted by the addition of readily available N(CH3)(4) OH, instead of converting the surfactant to hydroxyl form. The presence of silanol nests in the resultant zeolite was confirmed by IR and NMR spectroscopies. When the zeolite was supported with 0.50 wt% Pt and 0.50 wt% Y using nitrate precursors, a remarkably long catalytic lifetime of 20 days was obtained with high propane conversion and propylene selectivity under the reaction condition using neat propane gas at 853 K. (C) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.