Drug-likeness scoring based on unsupervised learning

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Drug-likeness prediction is important for the virtual screening of drug candidates. It is challenging because the drug-likeness is presumably associated with the whole set of necessary properties to pass through clinical trials, and thus no definite data for regression is available. Recently, binary classification models based on graph neural networks have been proposed but with strong dependency of their performances on the choice of the negative set for training. Here we propose a novel unsupervised learning model that requires only known drugs for training. We adopted a language model based on a recurrent neural network for unsupervised learning. It showed relatively consistent performance across different datasets, unlike such classification models. In addition, the unsupervised learning model provides drug-likeness scores that well separate distributions with increasing mean values in the order of datasets composed of molecules at a later step in a drug development process, whereas the classification model predicted a polarized distribution with two extreme values for all datasets presumably due to the overconfident prediction for unseen data. Thus, this new concept offers a pragmatic tool for drug-likeness scoring and further can be applied to other biochemical applications.
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Issue Date
2022-01
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

CHEMICAL SCIENCE, v.13, no.2, pp.554 - 565

ISSN
2041-6520
DOI
10.1039/d1sc05248a
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/291717
Appears in Collection
CH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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