Organic–Inorganic Hybrid Approach to Pulse Oximetry Sensors with Reliability and Low Power Consumption

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The pulse oximeter (PO) is an essential healthcare sensor that monitors the heart rate and blood oxygen level. With the emergence of wearable form factors, its use is rapidly expanding from applications in clinical environments to fitness, daily activities, and point-of-care applications. However, the relatively high power consumption of commercial POs has been an obstacle to applying them to wearables, which generally have a limited on-board power source. In this work, we propose a hybrid reflection-type (R-type) PO that adopts inorganic light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and a wrap-around organic photodiode (OPD), which are conveniently integrated via lamination. The overall structure is carefully optimized to minimize direct coupling of light from the LEDs to OPDs and to maximize the meaningful signal through an optical simulation. In particular, we provide a method for optical simulation resolving the deepest layer visited by a photon that returns back to a specific point on the skin so that one can better estimate the relative portion of photons that penetrate deeply enough to contribute to the signal in R-type configuration. The resultant hybrid POs, in which red and near-infrared LEDs are alternately turned on, are shown to be operable with the average LED driving power as low as ca. 35 μW (at 25% duty), demonstrating their immense potential for wearable POs with practical viability.
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Issue Date
2021-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ACS Photonics, v.8, no.12, pp.3564 - 3572

ISSN
2330-4022
DOI
10.1021/acsphotonics.1c01161
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/291121
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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