Speech Reconstruction with Reminiscent Sound via Visual Voice Memory

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The goal of this work is to reconstruct speech from silent video, in both speaker dependent and independent ways. Unlike previous works that have been mostly restricted to a speaker dependent setting, we propose Visual Voice memory to restore essential auditory information to generate proper speech from different speakers and even unseen speakers. The proposed memory takes additional auditory information that corresponds to the input face movements and stores the auditory contexts that can be recalled by the given input visual features. Specifically, the Visual Voice memory contains value and key memory slots, where value memory slots are for saving the audio features, and key memory slots are for storing the visual features in the same location of the saved audio features. Guiding each memory to properly save each feature, the model can adequately produce the speech. Hence, our method employs both video and audio information during training time but does not require any additional auditory input during inference. Our key contributions are: (1) proposing the Visual Voice memory that brings rich information of audio that complements the visual features, thus producing high-quality speech from silent video, and (2) enabling multi-speaker and unseen speaker training by memorizing auditory features and the corresponding visual features. We validate the proposed framework on GRID and Lip2Wav datasets and show that our method surpasses the performance of previous works on both multi-speaker and speaker independent settings. We also demonstrate that the Visual Voice memory contains meaningful information to reconstruct speech.
Publisher
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Issue Date
2021-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

IEEE-ACM TRANSACTIONS ON AUDIO SPEECH AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING, v.29, pp.3654 - 3667

ISSN
2329-9290
DOI
10.1109/TASLP.2021.3126925
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/290797
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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