Thermodynamic and spectroscopic analysis of pure and mixed gas hydrates : applications to energy and environmental systems = 순수 및 혼합 가스 하이드레이트의 열역학적 및 분광학적인 해석 : 에너지 및 환경 시스템으로의 응용applications to energy and environmental systems

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Gas hydrates have been applied to many industrial fields such as desalination, food concentration, selective separation of targeted component, carbon dioxide sequestration into the deep ocean and exploitation of natural gas hydrates. In this study, thermodynamic and spectroscopic analysis of pure and mixed gas hydrates was intensively investigated, especially focused on application to energy and environmental systems. The research scope of this study can be divided into three major fields. The first one is two-phase equilibria of $CH_4$ hydrates, the second one is phase behavior and structure identification of the mixed chlorinated hydrocarbon hydrates and the third one is hydrate phase equilibria in porous media. For thermodynamic analysis hydrate phase behaviors of multi-phase and multi-guest systems were carefully measured and compared with thermodynamic modeling. For spectroscopic analysis the structure and cage occupancies of the pure and mixed hydrates were determined through NMR and Raman spectroscopy. First, the aqueous solubilities of $CH_4$ in the two-phase (hydrate (H)-liquid water $(L_W)$) region, which is very close to the deep sea floor condition, were measured at various ranges of temperature and pressure. The hydration number determined via Raman spectroscopy at 10.0 MPa and 274.15 K was found to be 6.00 that is a little higher than 5.75 of the ideal one. The solubility of $CH_4$ in liquid water largely increased with a small increase of temperature, but slightly decreased with increasing pressure in the two-phase $(H-L_W)$ region. This solubility behavior was experimentally confirmed to be completely different from that occurring in the three-phase $(H-L_W-V)$ boundary. The present results might be valuable as the fundamental data for estimating the amount of in situ gas hydrate and understanding the unique feature of hydrate formation/dissociation mechanism and the hydrate stability in the deep ocean sediments. Second, thermodynamic feasibi...
Advisors
Lee, Hueresearcher이흔researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 생명화학공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2003
Identifier
181137/325007 / 000995187
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 생명화학공학과, 2003.2, [ xii, 131 p. ]

Keywords

energy; spectroscopic; thermodynamic; gas hydrate; environment; 환경; 에너지; 분광학; 열역학; 가스 하이드레이트

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/28909
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=181137&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
CBE-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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