Exosome-based delivery of super-repressor I kappa B alpha ameliorates kidney ischemia-reperfusion injury

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Ischemia-reperfusion injury is a major cause of acute kidney injury. Recent studies on the pathophysiology of ischemia-reperfusion-induced acute kidney injury showed that immunologic responses significantly affect kidney ischemia-reperfusion injury and repair. Nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B signaling, which controls cytokine production and cell survival, is significantly involved in ischemia-reperfusion-induced acute kidney injury, and its inhibition can ameliorate ischemic acute kidney injury. Using EXPLOR, a novel, optogenetically engineered exosome technology, we successfully delivered the exosomal super-repressor inhibitor of NF-kappa B (Exo-srI kappa B) into B6 wild type mice before/after kidney ischemia-reperfusion surgery, and compared outcomes with those of a control exosome (Exo-Naive)-injected group. Exo-srI kappa B treatment resulted in lower levels of serum blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin in post-ischemic mice than in the Exo-Naive treatment group. Systemic delivery of Exo-srI kappa B decreased NF-kappa B activity in post-ischemic kidneys and reduced apoptosis. Post-ischemic kidneys showed decreased gene expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules with Exo-srI kappa B treatment as compared with the control. Intravital imaging confirmed the uptake of exosomes in neutrophils and macrophages. Exo-srI kappa B treatment also significantly affected post-ischemic kidney immune cell populations, lowering neutrophil, monocyte/macrophage, and T cell frequencies than those in the control. Thus, modulation of NF-kappa B signaling through exosomal delivery can be used as a novel therapeutic method for ischemia-reperfusion-induced acute kidney injury.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Issue Date
2021-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

KIDNEY INTERNATIONAL, v.100, no.3, pp.570 - 584

ISSN
0085-2538
DOI
10.1016/j.kint.2021.04.039
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/287666
Appears in Collection
BiS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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