Much effort has been devoted to developing electrocatalysts applicable to anion exchange membrane water electrolyzers (AEMWEs). Among many candidates for oxygen evolution reaction, NiFe-layered double hydroxide (LDH)-based electrocatalysts show the highest activity in an alkaline medium. Unfortunately, the poor electrical conductivity of NiFe-LDH limits its potential as an electrocatalyst, which was often solved by hybridization with conductive carbonaceous materials. However, we find that using carbonaceous materials for anodes has detrimental effects on the stability of AEMWEs at industrially relevant current densities. In this work, a facile monolayer structuring is suggested to overcome low electrical conductivity and improve mass transport without using carbonaceous materials. The monolayer NiFe-LDH deposited on Ni foam showed much better AEMWE performance than conventional bulk NiFe-LDH due to better electrical conductivity and higher hydrophilicity. A high energy conversion efficiency of 72.6% and outstanding stability at a current density of 1 A cm(-2) over 50 h could be achieved without carbonaceous material. This work highlights electrical conductivity and hydrophilicity of catalysts in membrane-electrode-assembly as key factors for high-performance AEMWEs.