Preparation of nanometer-sized titania particles in an aerosol reactor = 에어로솔 반응기에 의한 나노미터 크기 티타니아 입자의 제조

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Nanometer-sized titania particles were prepared by thermal decomposition of titanium tetraisopropoxide(TTIP) in a furnace type aerosol reactor. The possibility of controlling particle size and conversion with varying the processing variables such as input concentration, temperature, and residence time was tested. Addition of tert-butanol was proposed as a method of controlling particle size without distributing reaction conditions such as temperature or flow rate. Competition of tert-butanol with precursors made the growth of particles retarded and smaller particles were produced in an aerosol reactor. Simple reaction coagulation(SRC) model that was valid at high concentration and low conversion. So direct surface reaction(DSR) model was introduced for estimating the size of product particles. The size of titania particles was increased from 10 to 60 nm with increasing input concentrating of TTIP from $7 \times10^{-10}$ to $2 \times10^{-8}$ mole/ml at 430℃. The particle size was proportional to the 0.46th power of the precursor concentration. The exponent should be 0.171 when calculated by SRC model, which was not consistent with the experimental value. However, the proposed DSR model predicted the experimental result better than SRC model. The size of product particles was decreased from 55 to 30 nm as the reaction temperature was increased from 250 to 550℃. The input concentration of TTIP was ranged from $6 \times10^{-9}$ to $9 \times10^{-9}$ mole/ml depending on the reactor temperature. The particle size was decreased with a-0.001 power of the temperature. The SRC model simulation predicted that the size should an increasing function of the temperature. However, DSR model predicts the decreasing trend of the particle size with increasing temperature. The conversion and the rate of decomposition of TTIP were increased with increasing reaction temperature. The conversion of TTIP was increased with increasing residence time and, the conversion was reach...
Advisors
Park, Seung-Binresearcher박승빈researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 화학공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
1995
Identifier
101913/325007 / 000905037
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 화학공학과, 1995.8, [ xiv, 184 p. ]

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/28712
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=101913&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
CBE-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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