Evaluation of various large-scale energy storage technologies for flexible operation of existing pressurized water reactors

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The lack of plant-side energy storage analysis to support nuclear power plants (NPP), has setup this research endeavor to understand the characteristics and role of specific storage technologies and the integration to an NPP. The paper provides a qualitative review of a wide range of configurations for integrating the energy storage system (ESS) to an operating NPP with pressurized water reactor (PWR). The role of ESS technologies most suitable for large-scale storage are evaluated, including thermal energy storage, compressed gas energy storage, and liquid air energy storage. The methods of integration to the NPP steam cycle are introduced and categorized as electrical, mechanical, and thermal, with a review on developments in the integration of ESS with an operating PWR. By adopting simplified off-design modeling for the steam turbines and heat exchangers, the results show the performance of the PWR steam cycle changes with respect to steam bypass rate for thermal and mechanical storage integration options. Analysis of the integrated system characteristics of proposed concepts for three different ESS suggests that certain storage technologies could support steady operation of an NPP. After having reviewed what have been accomplished through the years, the research team presents a list of possible future works.
Publisher
KOREAN NUCLEAR SOC
Issue Date
2021-08
Language
English
Article Type
Review
Citation

NUCLEAR ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, v.53, no.8, pp.2427 - 2444

ISSN
1738-5733
DOI
10.1016/j.net.2021.02.023
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/286943
Appears in Collection
NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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