Biomacromolecules are likely to undergo self-assembly and show specific collective behavior concentrated in the medium. Although the assembly procedures have been studied for unraveling their mysteries, there are few cases to directly demonstrate the collective behavior and phase transition process in dynamic systems. In the contribution, the drying process of M13 droplet is investigated, and can be successfully simulated by a doctor blade coating method. The morphologies in the deposited film are measured by atomic force microscopy and the liquid crystal phase development is captured in real time using polarized optical microscope. Collective behaviors near the contact line are characterized by the shape of meniscus curve and particle movement velocity. With considering rheological properties and flow, the resultant chiral film is used to align gold nanorods, and this approach can suggest a way to use M13 bacteriophage as a scaffold for the multi-functional chiral structures.