Hierarchical structures allow one to improve device performance by exploiting the synergistic effects of micro/nano multiscale components. However, the structural complexity of hierarchical structures places limits on their fabrication and applications. Herein, a novel morphology-controllable wrinkled micro/nano hierarchical structure (WHS) was developed by integrating micropatterns, nanopatterns, and wrinkles on a single substrate to overcome these limitations. Each structure could be individually controlled, which offers unlimited design diversity. The produced WHS was used as a superhydrophobic triboelectric nanogenerator. Compared to a nanogenerator with on a film structure, the WHS-based nanogenerator showed a superior contact angle of 152.5 degrees(,) which is indicative of high hydrophobicity, and an enhanced (by 608%) triboelectric effect, which was ascribed to the highly rough surface of the WHS. The WHS-based nanogenerator was used to fabricate a selfpowered and water-repellent cough detection sensor with an entirely superhydrophobic structure and stable superior sensing performance during repeated water spraying.