(A) study on crystallization kinetics and melt rheological properties of nylon 66 = 나일론 66 의 결정화 속도와 용융유변학적 성질에 관한 연구

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The crystallization kinetics and melt rheological properties of nylon 66 were studied in this paper. The crystallization kinetics of nylon 66 was studied by the depolarized light intensity method. The effects of the crystallization temperature, the molecular weight, and the sodium phenylphosphinate on the rate of crystallization were evaluated. Avrami equation was used for the determination of the overall rate of crystallization, $t\frac{1}{2}^{-1}$. In the temperature range of 232-243℃, the overall rate of crystallization, $t\frac{1}{2}^{-1}$ varied from 0.0435 to 0.0125, and Avrami exponent, n were about 3-4. The overall rate of crystallization, $t\frac{1}{2}^{-1}$ varied from 0.0164 to 0.0204 as the number average molecular weight decreases from 16,500 to 15,500. This overall rate of crystallization was comparable to a commercial injection molding grade nylon 66, Leona 1300S. The overall rate of crystallization, $t\frac{1}{2}^{-1}$ varied from 0.0172 to 0.0278 in the presence of 1 wt.% sodium phenylphosphinate. The commercial injection molding grade Leona 1300S had $t\frac{1}{2}^{-1}$ value of 0.0200 which was equivalent to the synthesized nylon 66 with 0.25-0.5 wt% sodium phenylphosphinate. The Avrami exponent, n varied from 11.8 to 3 in the presence of 1 wt.% sodium phenylphosphinate. The melt rheological properties of nylon 66 were studied by capillary rheometer. The effects of three types of lubricant (Zn-Stearate, Na-Sterate, and Al-Stearate) on these properties were evaluated. Lubricants were compound with virgin nylon 66 using C.W. Brabender extruder. The lubricant efficiency was estimated by the moldability index (α$_{stv}$) value from the capillary rheometer data and the spiral mold flow test. The Zn-Sterate turned out to be the most effective lubricant of the three lubricants. Activation energy for viscous flow of virgin nylon was 16.5-17.8 kcal/mole, but that of nylon 66 containing lubricants was decreased to 14.8-15.2 kcal/mole. ...
Advisors
Kim, Un-Young김은영
Description
한국과학기술원 : 화학공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
1981
Identifier
62998/325007 / 000793544
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(석사) - 한국과학기술원 : 화학공학과, 1981.2, [ xvi, 106 p. ]

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/28628
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=62998&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
CBE-Theses_Master(석사논문)
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