Local Alignment of DNA Sequence Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning

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Goal: Over the decades, there have been improvements in the sequence alignment algorithm, with significant advances in various aspects such as complexity and accuracy. However, human-defined algorithms have an explicit limitation in view of developmental completeness. This paper introduces a novel local alignment method to obtain optimal sequence alignment based on reinforcement learning. Methods: There is a DQNalign algorithm that learns and performs sequence alignment through deep reinforcement learning. This paper proposes a DQN x-drop algorithm that performs local alignment without human intervention by combining the x-drop algorithm with this DQNalign algorithm. The proposed algorithm performs local alignment by repeatedly observing the subsequences and selecting the next alignment direction until the x-drop algorithm terminates the DQNalign algorithm. This proposed algorithm has an advantage in view of linear computational complexity compared to conventional local alignment algorithms. Results: This paper compares alignment performance (coverage and identity) and complexity for a fair comparison between the proposed DQN x-drop algorithm and the conventional greedy x-drop algorithm. Firstly, we prove the proposed algorithm's superiority by comparing the two algorithms' computational complexity through numerical analysis. After that, we tested the alignment performance actual HEV and E.coli sequence datasets. The proposed method shows the comparable identity and coverage performance to the conventional alignment method while having linear complexity for theX parameter. Conclusions: Through this study, it was possible to confirm the possibility of a new local alignment algorithm that minimizes computational complexity without human intervention.
Publisher
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Issue Date
2021-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

IEEE OPEN JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY, v.2, pp.170 - 178

ISSN
2644-1276
DOI
10.1109/OJEMB.2021.3076156
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/286098
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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